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  Page Last Updated 12 August 2012



u/o 5 vs. Scotland
2 vs. Scotland

Saturday, 30 November 1872
International Friendly Match

Scotland 0 England 0 [0-0]

The world's first official international football match.

The West of Scotland Cricket Ground, Hamilton Crescent, Peel Street, Partick, Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Attendance: 4,000 (most reports say 4,000, but probably as low as 2,500. There were at least 2,500 paying gentlemen. Ladies were admitted free!)
2:15pm London Time

Match Summary
Scotland Squad
England Squad

Team Records

Results 1872-1890

England kicked-off.


Match Summary

Officials [umpires and referees are of equal relevance]




Umpires -
Charles William Alcock
29 (2 December 1842), Sunderland, England (Hon. Secretary of FA) &
Henry Norris Smith
40/41 (1831/32), Glasgow, Scotland (President of Queen's Park FC).

Referee -
William Keay
Scotland (Hon. Treasurer of Queen's Park FC)

Played according to Football Association rules.

Notes: Glasgow Academical Rugby Club offered their ground at Burnbank free of charge. Instead, The West of Scotland Cricket Club received £20 (not £1.10s) for the hire of the ground. *see notes below

Both teams wore stockings of different colours. This was, in the first place, to indicate to a player in possession of the ball the positions of his fellow-players on the field, by watching their pedal extremities; and, secondly, to enable the spectators to identify a player by his party-coloured stockings. Cards were issued by the Queen's Park, giving the teams, and the colours of their stockings. - The Scottish Football Historical Archive

Scotland Team



No official ranking system established;
ELO rating 2nd
The colours of Queen's Park FC
Dark blue shirts with a red single-lion crest, white knickerbockers, with blue & white striped socks, red head cowls.
Capt: Robert Gardner, first captaincy. Selectors: Robert Gardner, Queen's Park FC.
Scotland Lineup
1 Gardner, Robert 25 31 May 1847 G/F

Queen's Park FC

1 0 GA
2 Ker, William 20 21 March 1852 B Queen's Park FC & Granville FC 1 0
3 Taylor, Joseph 21 16 December 1850 B Queen's Park FC 1 0
4 Thomson, James J. 20 25 December 1851 HB Queen's Park FC 1 0
5 Smith, James 28 summer 1844 HB Queen's Park FC & South Norwood FC, England 1 0
6 Smith, Robert 24 1 May 1848 F/G Queen's Park FC & South Norwood FC, England 1 0 GA
7 Leckie, Robert 26 19 October 1846 F Queen's Park FC 1 0
8 Rhind, Alexander 23 20 September 1849 F Queen's Park FC 1 0
9 MacKinnon, William M. 20 18 January 1852 F Queen's Park FC 1 0
10 Weir, James B. 21 23 November 1851 F Queen's Park FC 1 0
11 Wotherspoon, David 23 9 April 1849 F Queen's Park FC 1 0


Alexander Broadfoot and William Keay (both Queen's Park FC)

team notes:

James and Robert Smith were brothers.


Gardner (*R.Smith) -
Ker, Taylor -
J.Smith -
R.Smith (*Gardner), Leckie, Rhind, MacKinnon, Weir, Wotherspoon.
*Gardner and R.Smith switched positions after 45 minutes.


Age 22.8 Appearances/Goals 1.0 0.0


England Team



No official ranking system established;
ELO rating 1st
Colours: "For the purposes of distinction, the Englishmen will wear white jerseys with the English arms embroidered on left breast, dark blue appearances, and white flannel trousers or knickerblockers"
Capt: Cuthbert Ottaway, first captaincy. Selectors: The Football Association Committee with secretary Charles W. Alcock having the primary influence, on 14 November 1872 from seventeen names.
England Lineup

Barker, Robert

25 19 June 1847 G/F

Hertfordshire Rangers FC & Wanderers FC

1 0 GA

Greenhalgh, E. Harwood

23 6 March 1849 FB Notts County FC 1 0

Welch, Reginald C.


17 October 1851

FB Wanderers FC & Harrow Chequers FC 1 0
4 Chappell, Frederick 23 22 July 1849 fly kick

Oxford University AFC

1 0

Maynard, W. John

257 days
18 March 1853 F/G 1st Surrey Rifles FC 1 0 GA
6 Brockbank, John 24 22 August 1848 F Cambridge University AFC 1 0

Clegg, J. Charles

22 15 June 1850 F Wednesday FC 1 0
8 Ottaway, Cuthbert J. 22 19 July 1850 F Oxford University AFC 1 0

Chenery, Charles J.

22 1 January 1850 F Crystal Palace FC 1 0
10 Smith, Arnold K. 22 23 April 1850 F Oxford University AFC 1 0

Morice, Charles J.

22 27 May 1850 F Barnes FC & Harrow Chequers FC 1 0


George Holden (Clapham Rovers FC)

team notes:

The original team, chosen sixteen days previous to this match included Harrow Chequers FC's M.P. Betts, Crystal Palace FC's A. Lester and Wanderers FC's C.T. Whichman. But due to illness, they were replaced with Barker, Maynard and Smith.
Frederick Chappell was written in the teamsheet as F. McLean.
William Maynard is the youngest capped player, as Robert Barker is the oldest.
1-2-7 Barker (Maynard*) -
Greenhalgh -
Welch, Chappell -
(Barker*), Brockbank, Clegg, Chenery, Ottaway, Smith, Morice.
*Barker and Maynard switched positions after 45 minutes.


Age 22.1 Appearances/Goals 1.0 0.0



Match Report

Pitch slightly greasy from two or three days' sustained rain, which slowed to a drizzle on the morning of the match and gave way to weak sunshine by kick-off time.

A splendid display of football in the really scientific sense of the word, and a most determined effort on the part of the representatives of the two nationalities to overcome each other.

The only thing which saved the Scotch team from defeat, considering the powerful forward play of England, was the magnificent defensive play and tactics shown by their backs, which was also taken advantage of by the forwards. - Bell's Life in London and Sporting Chronicle - Sunday 1st December, 1872

*Ground notes  The West of Scotland Cricket Ground were to be offered £10 for the match, and in case the gross drawings exceeded £45 one-half of any drawings over that sum, until the drawings reached £65, and one-third of the drawings over £50 whatever they might be ; or, should these offers be refused, £10, and a further sum of £10 should the drawings amount to £50. This last was apparently accepted by the West of Scotland club, as £20 was the sum paid the West of Scotland Cricket Ground for the use of their ground. The game financially proved to be an enormous success, as the takings amounted to £102 19s. 6d., and the expenditure £69 l1s. 6d., leaving a balance of £33 8s. 0d. This credit balance was set aside as an "International fund," and £32 of it was used to send Queen's Park players to London to play the return International there on 8th March, 1873.  It could have been so different...

Glasgow Academical Rugby Club offered their ground at Burnbank free of cost for the International. The West of Scotland Cricket Club ground at Partick was, however, preferred, and fixed upon as the scene of the great encounter. - Queen's Park FC minutes

Source Notes

Brown, Alan, "Scotland International Matches 1872-2001", Scottish Football Data Services (website)

Butler, Bryon, The Official History of the Football Association, pp. 14-20 (Queen Anne Press, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, U.K., revised ed. 1993)  

Edworthy, Niall, England: The Official F.A. History, pp. 6-9 (Virgin Books, London, 1997)  

The Football Association Yearbook, yearly.

Farror, Morley & Douglas Lamming, A Century of English International Football 1872-1972, pp. 9-12 (Robert Hale & Company, London, 1972)  

Gibbs, Nick, England: The Football Facts, p. 142 (Facer Publishing Limited, Exeter, England, 1988)

Hockings, Ron & Keir Radnedge, Nations of Europe, vol. 1, p. 174, vol. 2, p. 222 (Articulate, Ernsworth, Hampshire, U.K., 1993)

Hurley, Jeff, United Kingdom & Eire International Database (Association of Football Statisticians 1998) 

International Federation of Football History & Statistics, England (1872 - 1940), Eire (1924 - 1940), England/Amateurs (1906 - 1940): Full Internationals, p. 12 (IFFHS, Wiesbaden, Germany, 2000)  

James, Brian, England v Scotland, pp. 17-20, 24-25 (Sportsmans Book Club edition, Readers Union Limited, London, 1970, originally published by Pelham Books, 1969)

Lamming, Douglas, An English Football Internationlists' Who's Who 1872-1988, passim (Hutton Press Limited, Beverly, North Humberside, U.K., 1990)

Lamming, Douglas, A Scottish Internationalists' Who's Who 1872-1986, passim (Hutton Press Ltd., Beverly, North Humberside, U.K., 1987)

Maxwell, John, Scottish International Football Archive (website)

Mitchell, Andy, First Elevens: The birth of international football, pp. 47-59 (Andy Mitchell Media, Scotland, 2012).

Mourant, Andrew & Jack Rollin, The Essential History of England, pp. 8-11 (Headline Book Publishing, London, 2002)

Nawrat, Chris & Steve Hutchings, The Sunday Times Illustrated History of Football, p. 8 (1998 ed., Hamlyn, Octopus Publishing Group Ltd., London, 1998)

Rice, David, and his intense research on ElectricScotland.com

Robinson, Michael & Mike Ross, Soccer: The International Line-ups & Statistics Series~England 1872-1960, p. 4 (Soccer Book Publishing Ltd., Cleethorpes, South Humberside, England, 1995)

Robinson, Petra & Angus Ross, Soccer:  The International Line-ups & Statistics Series~Scotland 1872-1960, p. 3 (Soccer Book Publishing Ltd., Cleethorpes, South Humberside, England, 1995)

Rollin, Jack, Rothmans Book of Football Records, pp. 269, 314 (Headline Book Publishing, London, 1998)

The Scottish Football Association, Scottish Match Archive (website)

Shaoul, Mark & Tony Williamson, Forever England: A History of the National Side, pp. 11-12 (Tempus Publishing Ltd, Stroud, Gloucestershire 2000)

Southwick, Michael, Cuthbert Ottaway: England's First Football Captain, pp. 8-9 (Soccerdata, Tony Brown publishing, Beeston, Nottingham, 2009)

Warsop, Keith, The Early F.A Cup Finals and the Southern Amateurs, (Tony Brown)

Young, Percy M., A History of British Football, pp. 104-08, 110-11 (Sportsmans Book Club edition, Readers Union Ltd., London, 1969, originally published by Stanley Paul & Co. Ltd., London, 1968)